You can download a template of our final account in excel, this is great when closing construction accounts.
Quick note on the final account certificate
The final account certificate can signify both the contract administrator’s satisfaction with the work and the amount finally due to the contractor, depending on the conditions of the contract. According to JCT SBC 11, clause 4.15 dictates that an obligation is established to issue a certificate within two months after rectification is complete – though it often takes much longer. This can be for a variety of reasons: perhaps the last portion of retention isn’t significant enough for the contractor to chase; alternatively, there may be other projects deemed more lucrative than one that only offers the final part of the fee account; or when it’s issued, changes in premiums to professional indemnity insurance may be required.
Download the final account certificate template here
Blog on permissible works that do not need planning permission [link]
[00:00:00] Bhavesh Ramburn: Hi. Today I’m gonna show you how to get to the planning application on Hackney government website. First thing you wanna do is type in hackney.gov.uk. Once you’ve loaded the page on your browser, head to menu, then you scroll down to planning and building and then make a planning application. You can also look at.
[00:00:30] Existing planning applications by clicking search view and comment on planning application. But for now, we’ll go on making a planning application. Once you’ve clicked this column a new column comes up. And once you’ve gone through the list of approvals making sure that you do need a planning permission.
[00:00:50] And if you do not, There’s a link in our blog to highlight the types of applications that do [00:01:00] not need planning permissions. So once you’ve gone and checked that you do need to prepare a planning application, you click on, submit your planning application, click show and submit. Planning application. At the bottom of the page there’s a submit an application button, which takes you to form to complete and uploading all your documents for the planning application.
[00:01:28] There is a cost for the planning, so what I’ve done is open up the document here, which acks around a basic, sorry, a full application costing around 407. For any operations to your property, you can take, you can get a copy of this document by going to the main page that we were on, Hackney dot go uk slash submit hyphen planning, hyphen application, [00:02:00] and clicking on the link.
[00:02:03] Planning application fees, which brings up this pdf. I will link to this document within the post so that you know where to get this information quickly. There are other cases of change of use and other cost associated with the planning service, which you can review at your own time. Once you’ve submitted your application,
[00:02:28] You can follow through with your planning permission by clicking on menu planning and building and search view comment on black planning application, which brings you to the full web search portal for Hackney. This gives you the ability to search for other planning applications in your area, and we will go through this in the separate video.
[00:02:56] If you need more information about planning permission, [00:03:00] please don’t hesitate to leave. Comment on video or the block post.
If you’re not in the surveying industry, chances are you’ve never heard of cadastral surveys. Even if you have, you might not know exactly what they are or what they’re used for. In short, cadastral surveys are boundary surveys.
They’re used to determine the legal boundaries of a piece of land, as well as any easements or rights of way that exist on the property. Licensed professional surveyors typically conduct cadastral surveys. In the UK it would be the Chartered Surveyors from RICS. If you’re considering conducting a cadastral survey on your property, read on to learn more about what they are and what to expect.
What is a cadastral survey?
A cadastral survey is a land surveying process that creates an official record of the dimensions and location of property boundaries. It is usually conducted by a licensed surveyor, who will use specialized equipment to measure the property and create a detailed map.
This map can then be used to determine the land’s ownership and any easements or encumbrances that may be attached to it.
The history of cadastral surveys
Cadastral surveys are surveys of land that are used to establish property boundaries. They are usually conducted by government surveyors or licensed private surveyors.
The history of cadastral surveys dates back to ancient times when people first began dividing up land for ownership and cultivation. In the early days, these surveys were often crudely done, with little regard for accuracy or precision. But as civilization progressed and the land became more valuable, the need for more accurate surveys grew.
Government surveyors in many countries have long been responsible for conducting cadastral surveys. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is responsible for surveying and mapping public lands in the United States. The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) also conducts surveys of some privately owned lands.
In America, cadastral surveys were common by the 19th century. The U.S. federal government conducted its first survey project in 1785 on Long Island (the property was owned by New York State). This was a simple survey that helped identify who owned what parcels of land and how much they were worth—termed a “cadastral survey.”
Cadastral surveys play an important role in our modern world. They provide the legal framework for property ownership and development, and help to ensure that land is used efficiently and fairly. With the increasing value of land, we can expect that cadastral surveying will become even more important in the years to come.
How are cadastral surveys used today in the UK?
Cadastral surveys are used to establish, mark and record the position of land boundaries. They are also used to create a legal record of who owns which parcel of land, and for what purpose.
In the UK, cadastral surveys are usually carried out by licensed surveyors (chartered surveyors) on behalf of the government, or a private company or individual. The survey results are then used to produce a map showing the location of all the boundary markers (known as ‘monuments’). This map is known as a ‘cadastral plan’.
The cadastral plan is an important legal document, as it provides evidence of who owns each piece of land. It can be used in court if there is ever a dispute over ownership or boundaries.
Sometimes the land surveyors are required to attend to provide their expert witness on their findings on how they came to the conclusion of the plot of land’s ownership.
Cadastral surveys are also used for other purposes such as planning applications, environmental impact assessments, and infrastructure projects.
Who conducts cadastral surveys in the UK?
There are a number of private firms who conduct cadastral surveys in the UK. The Ordnance Survey (OS) is the government body responsible for mapping and surveying Great Britain and is also involved in cadastral surveying.
Cadastral surveys involve the accurate measurement and description of land boundaries. They are used to create, update or amend property titles and can be required for a number of reasons such as changing the use of land, subdividing it or selling it.
All new properties must be registered in England and Wales with HM Land Registry (HMLR). This includes a record of who owns the property, what restrictions or charges are attached, and a description of its boundaries.
Cadastral surveys carried out by private companies can be expensive, so if you’re thinking of buying a property it’s worth checking with HMLR to see if there is already an up-to-date record of its boundaries. This will save you money as you won’t need to commission your own survey.
What equipment is used for cadastral surveys?
Cadastral surveys are used to establish the boundaries of land parcels. The surveys are used to create maps of the land parcels that show their size, shape, and location. The surveys are also used to determine the ownership of the land parcels.
The equipment that is used for cadastral surveys includes GPS receivers, lasers, and total stations. The GPS receivers are used to determine the exact location of the boundaries of the land parcel. The lasers are used to measure the distance between the boundary markers. The total stations are used to measure the angles between the boundary markers. You can learn a bit more about land surveying equipment here.
GIS (geographic information system) software and equipment, such as a computer and specialized software called CAD or CAD-CAM that can work with scanned maps. Cadastral maps are used during cadastral surveys to show land boundaries, property lines, easements for utility companies, rights-of-way for roads or railroads etc., lot numbers and legal descriptions of all parcels within a survey area. They may also include aerial photographs or satellite images. A cadastral survey plan is an important document prepared by an engineer that shows all boundary lines between properties in an area along with parcel numbers and lot sizes within each parcel.
How accurate are cadastral surveys?
Cadastral surveys are highly accurate and precise surveys of land parcel boundaries. They are typically performed by professional surveyors using sophisticated surveying equipment and techniques. The resulting cadastral survey maps are used for a variety of purposes, including property ownership and taxation records.
The accuracy of cadastral surveys is crucial, as these surveys are used to establish property boundaries. If a cadastral survey is inaccurate, it could lead to disputes over property ownership or taxation. Inaccurate cadastral surveys can also interfere with the development or use of land parcels.
There are a number of factors that can affect the accuracy of a cadastral survey, including the skill of the surveyor, the quality of the surveying equipment, and the type of terrain being surveyed. However, if done correctly, cadastral surveys can be accurate.
Are there any disadvantages to cadastral surveys?
There are a few disadvantages to cadastral surveys. Firstly, they can be quite expensive. Secondly, they can take a long time to complete. Thirdly, cadastral surveys can be complex and thus require the expertise of a surveyor. Finally, cadastral surveys may not be necessary for all land parcels.
it all depends on the amount of data that you have to determine the divisions of the land as the survey method throughout the years have changed and the landmarks may have been destroyed or moved.
When would you need to do cadastral surveys?
There are a few situations where you might need to do a cadastral survey. One is if you’re buying or selling land, as the survey will show the property’s boundaries. Another reason you might need one is if you’re planning to build on the land, as the survey can show any easements or rights of way that might restrict your construction. And finally, if there’s any dispute over the boundaries of your land, a cadastral survey can be used to settle the matter.
You may need to undertake a cadastral survey when you:
Buy or sell real estate.
Plan to build a structure on your property (e.g., an extension or garage).
Plan to make changes to a structure or building already built on the property (e.g., adding an extension).
What is a Title boundary?
A Title boundary is a line that defines the boundary of a property. That may sound simple, but it can get complicated very quickly. This is also called a title plan and you can get one here. We’ve been using them for a very long time.
Title boundaries are typically drawn on a plan by a surveyor or architect to determine where the property lines lie. If you have ever bought real estate in recent years, you’ve probably seen many plans and drawings that show title boundaries as if they were simple lines drawn on paper. In reality, these boundary lines are not as clear-cut as they appear to be; there are many factors that need to be taken into account when drawing them up. Some examples include:
What type of terrain do you want to include in your new plot? Hilly land? Flat land? Forested areas? Water features like rivers or ponds? All these things will affect how much space you get and how much money you will take to purchase those spaces.
How far away from your neighbors’ homes can their property lines extend before crossing into yours?
How close does this plot border another one owned by someone else who might not agree with its current size limits?
What is a Building boundary?
The boundary of the building is defined as the outermost limits of all construction, such as walls and foundation. This includes all doors and windows, but does not include any parking spaces, driveways or lawns.
The boundary of the land on which the building is located is an imaginary line separating your property from your neighbors. The actual location may vary depending on who owns what land before it was subdivided into individual plots, but this boundary remains in place regardless where buildings have been constructed since then.
Both these boundaries are important to surveys because they help establish who has rights over different areas within a property—for example: if you want access through another person’s yard to reach your own driveway (or vice versa), it’s important to know where those boundaries lie so you don’t accidentally trespass into their private space while walking between yours!
What is a Rural boundary?
A rural boundary is the boundary between two parishes. The parish boundaries are the boundaries between parishes. These are determined by parcel boundaries that have been surveyed by the government and put into an official document called a cadastre. A cadastre is a type of public survey that records land ownership and describes properties in a particular geographic area. Cadastral surveys can be done for many reasons, but they all include some form of surveying and mapping out parcels of land to create accurate maps or inventories of property values in areas like counties or states.
Who needs a cadastral survey?
If you are buying or selling land, planning to build on it, or planning to change the use of land—or even just curious about what your property is worth—you will likely require a cadastral survey. A cadastral survey gives information about the location and boundaries of a property and any encumbrances that might be attached to it. This includes easements (rights-of-way), restrictive covenants (restrictions on what can be done with a piece of real estate), or other restrictions on use such as building setbacks from roadsides.
A cadastral survey is an invaluable tool for land owners, buyers and developers.
A cadastral survey is an invaluable tool for land owners, buyers and developers. This is because it provides a legal description of the boundaries of a property. It also allows for accurate measurements to be taken so that if there are disputes over the boundaries of your land or property, you will have evidence to support your claim.
This can come in handy when determining who owns what if two properties share a boundary line (such as in cases where one person claims ownership over part or all of their neighbor’s backyard). Since it only takes one side to sell off their share in order for things to get messy, having evidence showing exactly where each line falls could help prevent future arguments from arising around shared areas like this one—and save people money on lawyers fees too!
Another way that this type of survey can be beneficial is when planning construction projects such as building homes or businesses on vacant lots within large residential areas; by adding these types of markers into any new structures being built along with plans filed with local governments ahead-of-time before construction begins upon completion means more time spent planning something new instead which helps reduce costs associated with time management issues down the road while providing us insight into what kind
Cadastral surveys are an important tool for measuring and managing land ownership and boundaries. They help to establish property lines and can be used to resolve disputes between neighbors. If you’re thinking about buying or selling property, it’s important to understand cadastral surveys and how they can impact your transaction.
A floor plan is a drawing which indicate the features of a floor for your property. In the context of a measured building survey, a floor plan consists of indicating all fixed features, as well as height information of the room, windows, doors and any beams on the ceiling.
It differs greatly from your estate agent floor plan. The floor plan produced by your estate agent is not accurate enough for planning permission and construction drawings. They do not include room, window, door height or even show indications of beams. But they are good enough when you are trying to sell your property.
In addition the floor plans produced from a measured building survey is accurate as it measures the angle of the room. To undertake a proper measured building survey plan, you will need specialist equipment which ranges from £250-1000 a week to hire. This is why a measured building survey’s floor plan is slightly more expensive and take a lot longer to produce than the estate agent’s floor plan. To better explain what a floor plan is we have included a screenshot of a floor plan below:
The above floor plan uses an equipment called FARO 3D scanner, this is fairly expensive but very accurate. There are other equipments such as a total station that can be used to create the same output. But this can result in the survey taking a lot longer to complete (roughly 2-3 hours per floor). Whereas, the use of a FARO 3D scanner we can survey a floor in roughly 1 – 1.5 hours depending on the area and the number of rooms on that floor.